Contents in keywords:
- Risks are an inevitable part of human activities, and managing them involves understanding their probability, consequences, and context within society and law.
- Risk management includes identifying potential adverse events, modeling and quantifying their consequences, and making value judgments.
- Probability is difficult to observe or measure directly, and models are necessary to estimate risk and make predictions about future events.
- Understanding the causes and consequences of failures requires looking at the system's broader context, which includes human beings, technology, and the environment.
- Understanding and analyzing systems to prevent accidents, includes considering external influences, and uncertainty, like unexpected events, and incomplete knowledge.
- Having both static and dynamic barriers, and having control loops and learning cycles in managing risk effectively is important.
- Risk evaluations should be conducted from the design phase on.
- Human factors, like confusion, as well as the existence of automatic skills and rules, can contribute to accidents.
- In the absence of data, expert opinions can be sought, but expert biases and guesswork may occur.
Ale, B. (2009), Risk: An Introduction, Abingdon: Routledge.
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